The effectiveness of the inflation targeting regime as the basis for monetary policy in the conditions of crisis in the economy

Oleksandr Dziubliuk

Анотація


Introduction. Inflation targeting, as a commitment by the central bank to adhere to quantitative inflation rates, has become a fairly common monetary regime in the last few decades in developed countries and developing economies. However, the impact of the pandemic crisis on the course of economic processes has revealed serious problems associated with the low efficiency of this regime. Therefore, there is an objective need to re-evaluate the system in which the central bank focuses monetary regulation solely on price stability, ignoring other strategic directions of government policy related to the need to save economic activity and prevent a large-scale recession.

Purpose. Clarification of the peculiarities of the implementation of monetary policy on the basis of the inflation targeting regime and identification of problematic aspects of this regime in the conditions of external shocks and the unfolding economic crisis.

Methods. General scientific and empirical techniques and tools of economics, methods of analysis and synthesis, comparison, compilation and grouping are used.

Results. The crisis indicates the need to build a monetary regime that would meet the interests of sustainable economic growth and social welfare. In Ukraine, there were no proper initial preconditions for the inflation targeting regime implementation. Therefore, adjusting the priorities of monetary policy in the crisis should reflect the gradual transition to a more flexible regime using monetary methods to support households and businesses, promote job creation, and stimulate aggregate demand.

Prospects. Research of ways to increase the level of flexibility of monetary regulation, opportunities to expand the mandate of the central bank and improve the choice of optimal areas of influence on the economy with the help of monetary instruments at its disposal.


Ключові слова


inflation targeting; central bank; monetary policy; inflation; monetary regime; crediting; exchange rate; economic crisis.

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Посилання


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35774/visnyk2021.03.020

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